HUNDE JAWI ROBELE

When the UN Secretary-General asked for military assistance to South Korea in July 1950, since Ethiopia was strictly remonstrating atrocity invaders and in accordance with covenant concluded in the united nations, and when the honorable guard established for second time and while performing military service, King Haile Selassie sent selecting some 1,200newly organized soldiers of one battalion to Korea.

All of the the selectcted Ethiopian forces were Royal Guards, rather than combatant. King Haile Selassie named the battalion Kagnew meaning, Being difficult to penetrate or to strike a fatal hit. The Kagnew Battalion, led by Lieut. Colonel Kebbede Guebre, arrived in Pusan on May 6, 1951.

Upon arrival in Korea the Ethiopian soldiers then moved to the UN camp in Dongrae where they were supplied with American equipment and given eight weeks of basic military adaptation training and armed with US equipment. It took quite a long time for the soldiers to adapt to a new modern weapons system and unfamiliar tactics, but they were quite enthusiastic about their training.

Three days after the Ethiopian Battalion was committed to the front, they had the first engagement with the Chinese forces at Bongdangdeokri in Hwacheon area. They won the 4-hour battle, and through the battle the Ethiopian soldiers came to have confidence in combat. After that, they played a part in blocking Chinese attack in the central forward area.

According to MPVA

The battle of Jeokgeun Mt. Samhyun (Hill 700ã 602,1951.9.21~22), was the battle in which the Ethiopia Battalion attacked Hill 700 and Hill 602, outposts of the Chinese Communist 200th Division, it was facing while defending the main defense line located in the west of Jeokgeun Mt. It captured Hill 700 on the first day of attack but not Hill 602. On the second attack, it captured Hill 602 after fierce battle and destroyed defense facilities built on these two hills before return.
The Ethiopian 1st Battalion, which had been attached to the US 7th Division, engaged in a fierce battle for the first time on August 12, 1951. Thereafter, the 1st Battalion dispatched platoon or company size reconnaissance units several times. They destroyed enemys outposts, contributing to the operation of the 7th Division.
When the US 9th Corps in the mid-east front launched an operation to secure an advanced base to attack Keumsong, the Ethiopian Battalion also initiated an attack and occupied Hill 700 near Samhyon on September 21th. They occupied Hill 602 the next day with artillery and air fire support. In this combat, the enemy suffered 179 deaths. Later on, the Battalion was awarded a citation by the US President for their achievements. On March 28, 1952, the 1st Battalion returned home.

Corporal Hunde Jawi, ( Korean War Service number: 122 and Ethiopian Korean War Veterans Association number 2389) has appropriately carried out his military obligation by deploying along side the 1st “Kagnew” Battalion fellow soldiers sent to Korea for the first time in 1951 and upon his return, he and his fellow soldiers were received a heroe welcome.

Source:

Most texts are adopted from MPVA, and some are from Short life  history document of CPL. Hunde Jawi, accssed from EKWVA, Ethiopian Korean War Veterans Association, and  some  information collected from families.

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August 06, 2022 08:14 pm
Emily Ezell
In a time before global travel was a thing, this must have been quite the experience! He was certainly brave and demonstrated such courage, along with his battalion.
April 18, 2022 01:54 pm
Maranda Wilkinson
Hi Merhawi, Thanks for creating this descriptive profile for Corporal Hunde Jawi. It is great to see other countries represented here on The 22!

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Corporal Hunde Jawi Robele's Short Life History

Corporal Hunde Jawi, (Korean War Service number: 122 and Ethiopian Korean War Veterans association number 2389) has appropriately carried out his military obligation by deploying along side the 1st “Kagnew” Battalion fellow soldiers sent to Korea for the first time in 1951

When the UN Secretary-General sked for military assistance to South Korea in July 1950, since Ethiopia was strictly remonstrating atrocity invaders and in accordance with covenant concluded in the united nations, and when the honorable guard established for second time and while performing military service, King Haile Selassie sent selecting some 1,200newly organized soldiers of one battalion to Korea.

All of the the selectcted Ethiopian forces were Royal Guards, rather than combatant. King Haile Selassie named the battalion Kagnew meaning, Being difficult to penetrate or to strike a fatal hit. The Kagnew Battalion, led by Lieut. Colonel Kebbede Guebre, arrived in Pusan on May 6, 1951.

Upon arrival in Korea the Ethiopian soldiers then moved to the UN camp in Dongrae where they were supplied with American equipment and given eight weeks of basic military adaptation training and armed with US equipment. It took quite a long time for the soldiers to adapt to a new modern weapons system and unfamiliar tactics, but they were quite enthusiastic about their training.

Three days after the Ethiopian Battalion was committed to the front, they had the first engagement with the Chinese forces at Bongdangdeokri in Hwacheon area. They won the 4-hour battle, and through the battle the Ethiopian soldiers came to have confidence in combat. After that, they played a part in blocking Chinese attack in the central forward area.

According to MPVA

The battle of Jeokgeun Mt. Samhyun (Hill 700ã 602,1951.9.21~22), was the battle in which the Ethiopia Battalion attacked Hill 700 and Hill 602, outposts of the Chinese Communist 200th Division, it was facing while defending the main defense line located in the west of Jeokgeun Mt. It captured Hill 700 on the first day of attack but not Hill 602. On the second attack, it captured Hill 602 after fierce battle and destroyed defense facilities built on these two hills before return.
The Ethiopian 1st Battalion, which had been attached to the US 7th Division, engaged in a fierce battle for the first time on August 12, 1951. Thereafter, the 1st Battalion dispatched platoon or company size reconnaissance units several times. They destroyed enemys outposts, contributing to the operation of the 7th Division.
When the US 9th Corps in the mid-east front launched an operation to secure an advanced base to attack Keumsong, the Ethiopian Battalion also initiated an attack and occupied Hill 700 near Samhyon on September 21th. They occupied Hill 602 the next day with artillery and air fire support. In this combat, the enemy suffered 179 deaths. Later on, the Battalion was awarded a citation by the US President for their achievements. On March 28, 1952, the 1st Battalion returned home.

Corporal Hunde Jawi, (Korean War Service number: 122 and Ethiopian Korean War Veterans association number 2389) has appropriately carried out his military obligation by deploying along side the 1st “Kagnew” Battalion fellow soldiers sent to Korea for the first time in 1951 and upon his return, he and his fellow soldiers were received a heroe welcome.

Up on his return from Korea, since he was chosen for the second time for his military carrier, and he was again sent to Congo for peacekeeping in 1960 and he is a valiant solider. The medals and trophies of honor presented to Corporal Hunde Jawi during his military service: 1. The 1st Imperial Majesty Hailesilassie Korea memorial Gold medal 2. The 1st Imperial Majesty Korea memorial Silver medal 3. Service medal of 15 years 4. Emperor Menelik II long term service military medal 5. United Nations Korean memorial medal 6. Korean memorial Medal from Korean government 7. Congo’s Peacekeeping medal 8. Congo’s Peacekeeping medal from United Nations 9. Joint feat medal unit citation from the government of Korea 10. Joint feat medal unit citation from United Nations 11. Warrior insignia from the Ethiopian government. Corporal Hunde Jawi has begotten two girls and two boys totally four children from his legal wife.Since, death is inevitable, we do hereby notify you that he passed away on 17/01/2006 due to the ailment befell him on his 81st years old.

Source:

Most texts are adopted from MPVA, and some are from Short life  history document of CPL. Hunde Jawi, accssed from EKWVA, Ethiopian Korean War Veterans Association, and  some  information collected from families.

-- Corporal Hunde Jawi's son, Merhawi Hunde Jawi

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July 05, 2022 07:43 am
Yeabtsega Gebre
I feel that you are so lucky to have a hero father. I am always witnessing your effort to aspire to those ideals as a way to honor the veterans service and sacrifice ! We will never ever repay the debt we owe them, yet many enter service knowing this, and so often live the rest of their lives with the wounds of having served. God bless and keep our Veterans. MEMORY ETERNAL...

Korean War - Key Events

June 27, 1950

The United Nations Security Council adopts Resolution 83, authorizing UN member states to provide military assistance to South Korea. The Soviets, who could have vetoed the resolution, are boycotting the proceedings because the Nationalist government on Taiwan still occupies China’s seat on the Security Council. Seoul falls the following day.

These events are taken from the Encyclopedia Britannica

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